Old Maps Show Biafra Was Actually In Cameroon And Never Part Of Nigeria

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biafraWhile it is common to hear an argument postulated by adherents of a recent pro-Biafra agitation resurgence among young listeners of a pirate radio station operating out of the United Kingdom, Radio Biafra, that “Biafra” was the initial name of the territory to which the South of Nigeria belonged, our checks have failed to substantiate this claim.

The idea has been pushed by the Radio station run by a rather radical individual, Nwannekaenyi Kenny Okwu-Kanu, who goes by the alias, Nnamdi Kanu.

Ojukwu

Ojukwu

Apparently the name “Biafra” or “Biafara” was picked again because the former Premiere of Nigeria’s then Eastern region, Odumegwu Ojukwu had chosen the “Biafra” name for the territory he wished to preside over; however there is no evidence that Ojukwu selected that name because he believed it was the name of his ancestral home. Rather it was the name of much of Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea and São Tomé and Príncipe and perhaps a nice name that tickled Ojukwu’s fancy. Or perhaps Ojukwu was suggesting an ancestral origin outside Nigeria in the Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon region.

The maps can be seen on the Princeton University website and enlarged to examine. We have brought out the relative parts below.

biafra2

In the image above, River Camarones can be noticed at the left border of “Biafra.” This river, now called Wouri river is in the middle of today’s Cameroon.

The Region Is Benin And Not Biafra

Calabar, Nigeria’s Eastern border is seen well within territory called Benin; Benin, a large demarcated kingdom that extends deep into today’s Cameroon, before the region known as Biafra starts.

Based on these findings, “Benin” would serve as a more accurate historical fact based sobriquet for the southern parts of Nigeria in discussion.

biafra4

Another map from 1644 also puts “Biafara” solidly in Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea and São Tomé and Príncipe and far from Nigeria’s furthest Eastern border. Apparently the prior name of the territory now called Biafra by this group was recognized and mapped as “Benin,” and never Biafra in all historic maps.

biafra1

Origins Of The Name “Biafra”

According to Encyclopaedia britannica: a dictionary of arts, sciences …, Volume 11-12, year 1910 , the name “Biafra” from “Bight of Biafra, comes from the word, “Mafra,” a town in Portugal.

Mafra, Portugal

Mafra, Portugal

The Portuguese named a country extending from Cameroon southward to Equatorial Guinea, “Biafra,” but the name was later dropped in the later part of the 19th century.

biafra4

The Bight of Biafra, or Mafra (named after the town Mafra in southern Portugal), between Capes Formosa and Lopez, is the most eastern part of the Gulf of Guinea; it contains the islands Fernando Po [Equitorial Guinea], Prince’s and St Thomas’s [São Tomé and Príncipe]. The name Biafra-as indicating the country-fell into disuse in the later part of the 19th century.

Equatorial Guinea people, of actual “Biafra” territory

Equatorial Guinea Warrior; of actual “Biafra” territory

biafra8

The views expressed in this article belong to the author and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of NewsRescue
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63 comments

  1. Tanimu Garba 6 November, 2015 at 07:49 Reply

    Everything of theirs from motor spare parts to ancestory is fake. If they don't want to be part of Nigeria, let them just pack their bags and move to Cameroon. Those agitators are a pain in the ass

  2. Adibe Uche Sunday 6 November, 2015 at 09:21 Reply

    Thank God Biafra is found in the old/ancient map of Africa but nigeria no.i know we the Biafrans are from Isreal to afaa region of Ethiopia.we have Afara in present Abia and Anambra states.Bia and Afara gives u Biafara which means come and join.It was an Ijaw man—Frank opigo the principle of grammer school that reminded Ojukwu our name ,Biafra.nigeria is a name from a white man that has no meaning

  3. Sagir Yaqub 6 November, 2015 at 09:44 Reply

    And who actually want igbos in Nigeria, Igbos are one of Nigerias Problems, all the people spoiling Nigerias name outside the country are igbos, Drug trafficking, Kidnapping, Forgery, Armed robbery and all sorts of vices are from Igbo people. They are everywhere in Nigeria, infact the number of Igbos in Lagos and Kano alone outnumbered the Igbos in Enugu, Anambra and Imo combined. They are parasites they are everywhere promoting all kind of crimes yet they are making too much noise. Let them go and every igbo man in Kano, Lagos, Kaduna, Ogun, Abuja and all part of the country will be termed foreighner there fore to be deported to their unhabitable region. I always wonder what type of brain do they have that they cant reason

  4. Ogedengbe 6 November, 2015 at 11:45 Reply

    I have told them several times that they are not Nigerians. When they say the word ”zoo”, they are actually reminding themselves of where they came from. You started this hate campaign against The Great Yoruba, and because we are more learned than you, by the time we finish defining you, you’ll find out that you are reduced to cavemen from Congo Basin, the homeland of your ancestors.

  5. Muhammad Gwarzo 6 November, 2015 at 11:32 Reply

    I am against Biafra, but dehumanizing of people. Each society has its own the good, the bad and the ugly. Societal evils associated with Igbos are not confined to them. Let us appreciate the good part of us and collectively correct the bad and ugly. If Igbos want to go let them part from us as our brethren peacefully, so that we maintain African unity

  6. Azeez Olayemi 6 November, 2015 at 12:51 Reply

    So, Igbo are aliens and they are actually not Nigerians. Naturally, no child will refer to his father’s land as zoo. Then, what are they doing in our territories and even disturbing the peace. Let them go back to their Biafra in Congo or Cameroon please. The good and peace loving ones may remain anyway.

    • Dodie Doo 6 November, 2015 at 15:59 Reply

      Azeez Olayemi, it is actually Yoruba, Hausa, Fulani and Britain that are invaders of Biafra land. SS and SE were not supposed to be a part of the zoo Islamic British Nigeria country in the first place. What is Yoruba, Hausa, Fulani, and Britain still doing occupying Biafra land! Why is Yoruba, Hausa, Fulani and Britain forcing itself on the people of Biafra! At the end of the day, it is Yoruba, Hausa, Fulani, and Britain that will end up leaving Biafra land for the Biafrans!!!

  7. Francis Chinedu Freeman 6 November, 2015 at 11:56 Reply

    But d question is, are we in this same contraption called Nigeria before 1914? This idiot that posted this said d yorubas ar more educated so they will deal with us biafrans, Hw do u intend to do so when ur already indicting ur self. U think we don't knw d role u n that ape obj played to cede part of calabar to Cameroon? At least there is biafra in d map, was there any Nigeria in d map before then? For ur information all these ur junks ur writing, it was Chief Frank Opigo, head master of Okrika Grammer school in rivers state, an Ijaw man for that matter that reminded Ojukwu that, our name is Biafra. So I did not see any big work u did here, or do u think we are refuting it? So when we told u we ar not nigger areans, hope u will believe more cos this map has further educated u more to knw that first, Biafra is in d map, second southern Biafra which is calabar share boundaries with Cameroon. N u forgot that u change d bite of biafra to bite of Bonny. So my happiness is that every propaganda that is based n lies as ur doing nw will not see d day. We biafra go with d truth. When we say yorubas ar d worst backstabbers in whole world believe u me cos it's real. Even these hausa fulani can testify to that, that is y they can't even trust u either.

  8. FREEDOM FOR OUR PEOPLE INITIAT 6 November, 2015 at 18:27 Reply

    Some months ago scotland demostrated it’s willingness to be independent and a referendum was conducted which the narrowly lost, the old Rhodensia was divided between the North(Zimbabwe) and the south (Zambia)Jamica and trinedad and Tobago were separated, Malaysia and Singapore, Malawi and others got there independence with Sudan inclusive, why would the Nigerian Federal Government after signing a pact of seccession for Palestine from Isreal turn back to intimadate Innocent and Unarmed Civilians while exercising their fundamental and divine right of freedom of association? If the South East and South South territories of a failed country shows the willingness to self rule and independence why issuing out marching orders to kill innocent people? If the Igbos and their Niger Delta brethren are the troble with Nigeria, why don’t you allow them to go so that the rest of Nigeria would have peace? If trying to subvert people’s will towards self rule and independence at any cost showcases that the agitating flank of this Nigeria is very essential to the livelihood of Nigeria as a nation? Please no amount of Preasure, threat and intimadation can quench the current trend towards self rule and independence by the Biafrans because they are more than determined to actualise it through a peaceful and lawful means.all they are asking is for an opportunity to design their fate and determine their future through a refrendum.#FREEDOM FOR OUR PEOPLE INITIATIVE#

    • amazing2012 26 April, 2016 at 09:31 Reply

      Palestine issue ha gone behind just geographical question but human right and highest level of human discrimination and massacre in the history of mankind. Two days ago, the Israeli prime minster confirmed to have over 450 Palestinians kids in their prison besides killing of hundreds of thousand in decades of state sponsored/ supported killing of innocents people.
      Southern Sudan was supported because of the same treatment they got from the main Sudan.
      U.K. already has 4 nations within its kingdom seeking for their independence but denied and many of the those struggling for the independent silence (secretly killed).
      If Biafraud want to leave they don’t we referendum, they can pack and go. The road is free, let you guys leave now.

  9. Aminu Audi 6 November, 2015 at 21:43 Reply

    I will miss the Biafarans for the spare parts they supply us. I may however not miss them for long as i am sure other tribes will fill the gap. Goodbye Biafarans.

  10. Caz Cazco 7 November, 2015 at 07:27 Reply

    NewsRescue you suck and stink. So you based your argument based on incorrect map. So if I where to draw a map of Nigeria and label it Zoo. Tomorrow a useless and hopeless mad man like you will claim that Nigeria is not a the name of the country; that Zoo is the name of the country. I notice that you are so dumb in your reasoning. The Biafrans are fighting for Biafra, you are here pointing at a old map and saying that they should be called Benin. You are mad beyond compare.You still have not freed yourself from mental slavery. I hope any one does not this article serious because this mentally challenged author is writing crap. The author wrote gabage and it should be treated as such.
    You can not have a bright of Biafra without a place or in the case of Biafra a country which exited before the Europeans started behaving like humans. Biafra has nothing to do with your hatred for Biafrans. Biafra was there before your god (the Europeans) came to the continent of Ethiopia and Biafra shall be restored soon. It doesn't matter whatever gabage you come up with. For your information Biafra is an Igbo word it is two words -BIA and Afara which means come and join. You need to return back to your basics and first learn your basic history because your life did not start with the coming of the Pink man ( Europeans). Nigeria has no history because is not a country rather it is a geographical expression. That is why we the people of Biafra need a country that we belong to and that is Biafra. Biafra is bigger than anything you can ever dream of, because Biafra is the essence of live. To me it represent life itself. Long live Biafra and all who believe in freedom. Biafra is the land of the brave, the land of the rising sun, and the pillar of mankind. May the spirit of Biafra be with you. Peace

  11. Bashir Isah Abubakar 7 November, 2015 at 08:03 Reply

    Since research has proved Biafra fall out side Nigeria let those useless people that didn't contribute any thing to the existing Nigeria be flosh out from our dear nation. meanwhile those people are the people spoiling our image every where in the word example robbery, 418, women trafficking and any other criminal offence that you know thus people are party to it. Please my advice to them they should either respect our country or rather let them go back to their state cameroon

  12. Abdullahi Babangida Muhammad 7 November, 2015 at 09:56 Reply

    Let Biafra identify it's borders. The FGN in conjunction with UN and international community jointly conduct Referendum within the agreed borders. A decision should be taken after that. If the majority opts to remain in Nigeria, the government can then deal with severity with any fucking agitator.

  13. NewsRescue Situation 7 November, 2015 at 10:00 Reply

    You just don't get it. Whatever and whenever Nigeria or even America came to be, what is a fact from all old maps is that Biafra was never in the space occupied by America orNigeria. Biafra was in the spaces in Cameroon. Anyone who believes he is from Biafra can migrate to the land that Biafra occupied. And this does notnchange even if you call Nigeria or America or Ghana, or Togo, abandoned land, or jungle.

  14. Pete Guy 7 November, 2015 at 10:48 Reply

    The poster of this, you need to be educated the more. However, it was not ojukwu that gave the name Biafra – go and research. Again i will send to you a more clearer map which you can understand, because i can see u dont know how to read map. Mind you that bakassi that your yoruba/hausa fulani hand over to cameroon today out of stupidity and jealous are all biafra land. You haters and envious yoruba, go and study more. Idoit

  15. Caz Cazco 7 November, 2015 at 14:37 Reply

    NewsRescue you are dead wrong Biafra is and will continue to be where it is. I not stupid enough to allow a map drawn by outsider define me or my home. That is pure foolishness. I can see the reason why you so called Africans behave like slaves. If the call you black you will answer, tomorrow they call you Niggas and still answer. Don't you know that calling yourself a Nigeria means calling yourself a Nigga!
    It tells me that you are not self aware and you do not know who you are. I don't know about you and I am not an African, black or any other foolish name you people indetify with. I am simply a Biafran. You might as well show me a map of Biafra being located in the Moon. I don't care because I know who I am and where my country is located. All this attempt for oil. Nice try. I am going to chase Nigeria and Britain out of my land. Please go look for somewhere else to steal. If I where I would go and start learning how to survive without oil like my people Ndi-Igbo has done for thousands of years. One thing I promise you is that will not be like a any African country. That I assure you and we will disgrace every African countries because we will build a civilization that will attract people from all over the world and even people from outer planets will like to move to Biafra. Biafrans built the pyramid in Egypt when you people where still chasing lizards. Imagine what we can build when Biafra comes. You can not suppress our ability because we are born natural Engineers. That is why you people hate Biafrans. I can't say much because I believe in Biafra and I suggest you do the same if what a place you can run to after you are feed up with Nigeria. May the spirit of Biafra be with you.

  16. Azeez Olayemi 7 November, 2015 at 18:14 Reply

    But the map says the land you are presently claiming is not your land. It blongs to the Benin Kingdom. Which means that you are settlers in that part of Benin Kingdom cum Nigeria. Your indegenous home is in Cameroon. You may deside to retrun home in Biafra-Cameroon. In another word, you are immigrant in Nigeria.

  17. Azeez Olayemi 7 November, 2015 at 18:31 Reply

    Just listen to your writing, it is ' head master of Okrika Grammer school in rivers state, an Ijaw man for that matter that reminded Ojukwu that, our name is Biafra.' So, you don't know your name. You don't know your histroy. This means that it was the teacher that suggested the name 'Biafra' to you, to use to lay claim to a part of Benin Kingdom as yours. Why do you forget that you are just immigrants and settlers on that land. What is the name of your Kingdom? The whole Africa was a collection of Kingdoms before the advent of the Europians. It was the Europians that appointed the first Eze in Igbo land when found that they were collection of settlers without leadership. That is actually the nature of immigrants, settlers or refuges. We need more work on history to settle this matter please.

  18. al 7 November, 2015 at 19:57 Reply

    Bloodly cowards , were ever the wind blows u go, just look at the way mko was wasted with his family , u ran with ur tails behind ur legs, clowns!!!!!!, when men talk in this country close that hole on ur face, u guys belong in the kitchen, cos the north knws the MEN and the MOUSE

  19. al 7 November, 2015 at 19:57 Reply

    Bloodly cowards , were ever the wind blows u go, just look at the way mko was wasted with his family , u ran with ur tails behind ur legs, clowns!!!!!!, when men talk in this country close that hole on ur face, u guys belong in the kitchen, cos the north knws the MEN and the MOUSE

  20. Mason Collegefestac 7 November, 2015 at 22:19 Reply

    …who is holding u back?…have your people in the national assembly submitted any request for separation?…tell them to do so and u will be surprised how fast it shall be granted….the ijaws are not interested in your Biafra…same for Kalabaris….also all the oil igbo states produce is not even up to half that of Ondo state…stop deceiving yourselves that you are being held down…but as long as u are still in Nigeria respect the laws or face the music…its that simple,,,

  21. Mason Collegefestac 7 November, 2015 at 22:22 Reply

    …no one is holding you down…have your people in the national assembly submitted any request for separation?…tell them to do so and u will be surprised how fast it shall be granted….the ijaws are not interested in your Biafra…same for Kalabaris….also all the oil igbo states produce is not even up to half that of Ondo state…stop deceiving yourselves that you are being held down…but as long as u are still in Nigeria respect the laws or face the music…its that simple

  22. Ojogwu Chidi 8 November, 2015 at 15:11 Reply

    We and Nigeria we can still work together if you still believe on us.by doing business together trend will not be enemies but work together like what is happen ing in south Sudan and Sudan.even elitra and athiopia they working together as execs friends why are poeple afraid of us nothing is going happen we are going to be Freands

  23. Bosco Ike Kings 8 November, 2015 at 17:03 Reply

    This so called Azeez Olayemi you are just an ordinary idiot that left in zoo as you have agree to remain a Zoo is better you start packing because once we baifara take our freedom i think there will be no place left you… is better you Gerara here for real

  24. Kunle Akintayo 8 November, 2015 at 20:26 Reply

    I really don’t understand how people will always resort to abuse and calling it other names to argue their point, i think everybody’s point will be well articulated by being constructive in your arguments, people only resort to abuse when they don’t have anything to say that makes sense. I think this matter can be resolved by being respectful of each others agitations. A lot of us have friends across the entity called Nigeria, a lot of my very close friends are of Igbo extraction, i know a lot igbos, in both sexes , married to Hausas, yoruba and every other tribe in Nigeria, by abusing and threatening to cause trouble for each other, are you saying that i should now start fighting my friends? somebody suggested a referendum, that will be a more civilised option, than trying to foment trouble, we all are too much into each other for this to end well, everybody will suffer, trust me, igbos, hausa, yorubas, ijaws, ibibio, tiv, ogonis, urobo, fulani, nupe, egun etc, I’m sure you get my drift, people can agitate for any thing but when it is for the general good and you believe so, then you should put it to test, like I said, I have so many igbo friends and in all my discussion with them about Biafra, no one has come out to categorically to support it amongst my friends and trust me i have friends across the length and breath of igbo land, some of them i have known for over 30 years, I have a lot of igbo people that I do business with mutual trust and respect for each other. i have met a lot of igbo that have helped in my life’s journey and vice versa, like I said you can agitate for whatever, but you have to carry every along, 1 million igbo men and women cannot speaker for the whole igbo nation of over 20 – 30 million, think about it.

  25. Chris Christain 8 November, 2015 at 21:09 Reply

    Abdullahi, go back to Chad , you do not even have a place even in the Nigeria, because you must have been boko haram from chad. Hausa people allow u guys to be messing up instead of chasing u out. Is Nigeria in the Map`? Nigger + Area= Nigeria a country artificially created by White man and name it Nigeria, go back to chad.

  26. Chris Christain 8 November, 2015 at 21:12 Reply

    Azeez Olayemi my brother, discuss about Ooduwa not about Biafra, Cameroon people have not come to tell u that its their land, Benin people never claim, so why are u now an advocator. You should have been studying in USA or Uk ,Why Malaysia?

  27. Chris Christain 8 November, 2015 at 21:17 Reply

    my brother with your show, why now? you did not write or make your show in 1966-1967 and ever since you did not show anything, until now hahahaha,,,,,,,the Indigenous people of Biafra are going, we can chose to answer another name if we like, so do not waste your time, just try to get something better in your life and do to make money for yourself and family, and wait for hausa fulani sqaured. discuss Oduwa republic and forge ahead, not writing about Biafra.

  28. Stephen Alai 8 November, 2015 at 23:18 Reply

    Abdullahi, it will be injustice and illegal to conduct a referendum within the border of Eastern Nigeria where over 18 other ethnic groups reside that don't wish a Biafra. It is more legal instead to conduct any referendum in EACH AND EVERY TRIBE AND ETHNIC GROUP, which will depict the true desire of each. I can assure you, of all the ethnic groups the majority that might want secession would only be the from core Igbo areas, while the other ethnic will overwhelmingly reject Biafra and would choose to stay in the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Only such a referendum would stand truthful. Only the Ibos, a few ibos, will a Neo Bisfra.

  29. Chris Christain 9 November, 2015 at 09:00 Reply

    Stephen Alai You are on subjective, your opinion is entitle to your personal view, even your leader does not believe in one Nigeria, let alone people suffering in the street. You have to see what is happening round SS AND SE ,then you might come up with different analyses. The problem you Nigerian do have is that, you fail to acknowledge the fact even when you know the truth. And that is the reason the country is control by cabals and rogues. Say the truth,be courageous and fearless, do not let darkeness over shadow you in that contraption. IGBO is a language spoken, and for good knowledge of this, not only core Igbo speaks that language, Asaba, Agbor, Rivers,Ibibio, speaks 65% Igbos. Howverever,Biafra is not even about this, but its about living a peaceful and civilize world, we not want Nigeria anymore, and its not by force. You people should channel your concern with BOKO HARAM, now they have come up with dangerous weapons of course we all know that Fulanis are the sponsorar of these killers, and its important that BIAFRAN goes their way. If a referendum is carried out, I can assure you that Nigeria will use that opportunity to break away neatly. It is only an imbecilic that will pretend or fail to understand that Nigeria is design for hausa fulani and Britain.

  30. Aralu Emmanuel Chisom 9 November, 2015 at 11:33 Reply

    the 1970 map had Biasra, the 1644 map has biafara ( not biafra), the supposed mafra is sited in portugal in 1910, so hw come this isn't part of a long hard efoort to discredit a people who for no reason suffered the worst untalked about genocide in world history. A near-anhilation. Despite how much we want to think that the biafra cause of 1967-70 was an all igbo affair, we shouldn't dismiss with the wave of our hands that the region attack was an eastern region comprising of other tribes, the events that led to the war was not targetted on the igbos alone but the easterners and wen the call to arms was made it wasn't the igbos alone that did that but the advisory committee members of the then eastern nation.

  31. Aralu Emmanuel Chisom 9 November, 2015 at 11:38 Reply

    it's qite unfortunate and unforgivin that our histories are told with caution and distortion. The mere metion of events of the past not just the civil war seems to be a taboo. how would our nation be great and whole if we and generations after us do not know our history. It's like we embarked on a journey without a compass…we would just go in circles, cause we have no idea where we are coming from and no freaking idea where we are heading to

  32. Don_C 26 March, 2016 at 12:14 Reply

    Whoever wrote this article must be a fraudster. How can the Bight of Biafra which like Wharf of Biafra be in Nigeria and Biafra itself will be outside Nigeria? Shameful logic of a semi illiterate.

  33. Peace Forall 24 April, 2016 at 07:26 Reply

    My question is this, if Biafra is in cameroon as some fools want ignorant nigerians to believe, where is rogue entity call nigeria then?

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