by Isah Ibrahim
The highly sponsored campaigns to defend Nigeria’s army head of the horrors and sleepless nights from the massacre he commanded of over 1000 minority Muslims in Zaria seems to have no end.
The latest attempt at defending the army chief of the massacre was an OpEd sponsored in the Vanguard today, written by a certain Muhammed Ladan. The article was first published in DailyTrust in January of this year, but deleted, perhaps after DailyTrust realized how inappropriate it was. We commented on that here.
Chief in Ladan’s defense of the massacre of the Zaria citizens was a published allegation that the Shia Muslims are inhuman because they practice “temporary marriage.” It is surprising Vanguard published this low article, however the Buratai defense and slander campaign is well sponsored.
Muhammed Ladan said in Vanguard:
“Whoever wants to accuse the Army of wrong doing, should first of all dig into the activities of the Islamic Movement of Nigeria. For those who don’t know, the Shiites violate the rights of women more than any organisations in the world. The so called paid human rights groups calling for the removal of our national hero fail to condemn the Shiites who turn women into prostitutes. They allow what they call temporary marriage which is inhuman and subject many young girls to sleeping with different kinds of men by just giving them a small amount of money in the name of temporary marriage.”
While cultural practices are no business of Buratai’s to massacre people because of them. And if indeed any practice violates Nigeria’s laws, then the police are responsible for addressing it in civil ways, the depressing aspect of Muhammed’s advert in the Vanguard was the fact that by so stating he had attempted to degrade the memory of the noble prophet of Islam, Mohammed (saw).
Muhammed Ladan said, “They allow what they call temporary marriage which is inhuman.“
How can a youth make such statements insulting a practice that he knows the Prophet of Islam permitted and that his companions engaged in?
While there is dispute as to whether the prophet later banned the practice, as it was “again” banned by Caliph Umar, which brings a debate on if the Prophet had actually banned it and why it should be banned again, the real question is: how can a person today be so disrespectful that he calls something the Prophet of Islam prescribed, even if for one second as “inhuman?”
A Muslim is not likely to cast such insults on the memory of the Prophet of the faith. The best of mankind, Prophet Muhammad, peace be on him, will never prescribe and permit something inhumane even for one second!
You can say that it has been outlawed, but to call a practice the Prophet permitted and his companions, the best of humanity engaged in, as inhuman, is a great insult to the memory of the foundations of Islam and its noble prophet, simply to defend Buratai.
In Islam it is even appreciated that prohibitions like eating pork are actually permissible in dire conditions.
Below are quotes where Hadith at a time clearly permitted temporary marriage and even a Quranic verse was used to defend the practice, saying: do not make impermissible the bounties that Allah(s) has made permissible for you.
HADITH FROM MUSLIM PERMITTING “INHUMAN” TEMPORARY MARRIAGE
Book 008, Number 3243:
Abdullah (b. Mas’ud) reported: We were on an expedition with Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) and we had no women with us. We said: Should we not have ourselves castrated? He (the Holy Prophet) forbade us to do so He then granted us permission that we should contract temporary marriage for a stipulated period giving her a garment, and ‘Abdullah then recited this verse: ‘Those who believe do not make unlawful the good things which Allah has made lawful for you, and do not transgress. Allah does not like trangressers” (al-Qur’an, v. 87).
Book 008, Number 3248:
Ibn Uraij reported: ‘Ati’ reported that jibir b. Abdullah came to perform ‘Umra, and we came to his abode, and the people asked him about different things, and then they made a mention of temporary marriage, whereupon he said: Yes, we had been benefiting ourselves by this temporary marriage during the lifetime of the Holy Prophet (may peace be upon him) and during the timie of Abi! Bakr and ‘Umar.
Book 008, Number 3244:
This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Jarir with the same chain of transmitters and he also recited this (above-mentioned verse) to us, but he did not say that ‘Abdullah recited it.
Book 008, Number 3245:
This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Isma’il with the same chain of transmitters (and the words are):” We were young, so we said: Allah’s Messenger, should we not have ourselves castrated? But he (the narrator) did not say; We were on an expedition.”
Book 008, Number 3246:
Jabir b. ‘Abdullah and Salama b. al-Akwa’ said: There came to us the proclaimer of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) and said: Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) has granted you permission to benefit yourselves, i. e. to contract temporary marriage with women.
Book 008, Number 3247:
Salama b. al. Akwa’ and Jabir b. Abdullah reported: Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) came to us and permitted us to contract temporary marriage.
Book 008, Number 3249:
Jabir b. ‘Abdullah reported: We contracted temporary marriage giving a handful of (tales or flour as a dower during the lifetime of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) and durnig the time of Abu Bakr until ‘Umar forbade it in the case of ‘Amr b. Huraith.
Book 008, Number 3250:
Abu Nadra reported: While I was in the company of Jabir b. Abdullah, a person came to him and said that Ibn ‘Abbas and Ibn Zubair differed on the two types of Mut’as (Tamattu’ of Hajj 1846 and Tamattu’ with women), whereupon Jabir said: We used to do these two during the lifetime of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him). Umar then forbade us to do them, and so we did not revert to them.
Book 008, Number 3251:
Iyas b. Salama reported on the authority of his father that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) gave sanction for contracting temporary marriage for three nights in the year of Autas 1847 and then forbade it.
Book 008, Number 3252:
Sabra Juhanni reported: Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) permitted temporary marriage for us. So I and another person went out and saw a woman of Bana ‘Amir, who was like a young long-necked she-camel. We presented ourselves to her (for contracting temporary marriage), whereupon she said: What dower would you give me? I said: My cloak. And my companion also said: My cloak. And the cloak of-my companion was superior to my cloak, but I was younger than he. So when she looked at the cloak of my companion she liked it, and when she cast a glance at me I looked more attractive to her. She then said: Well, you and your cloak are sufficient for me. I remained with her for three nights, and then Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: He who has any such woman with whom he had contracted temporary marriage, he should let her off.
Book 008, Number 3253:
Rabi’ b. Sabra reported that his father went on an expedition with Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) during the Victory of Mecca, and we stayed there for fifteen days (i. e. for thirteen full days and a day and a night), and Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) permitted us to contract temporary marriage with women. So I and another person of my tribe went out, and I was more handsome than he, whereas he was almost ugly. Each one of us had a cloaks, My cloak was worn out, whereas the cloak of my cousin was quite new. As we reached the lower or the upper side of Mecca, we came across a young woman like a young smart long-necked she-camel. We said: Is it possible that one of us may contract temporary marriage with you? She said: What will you give me as a dower? Each one of us spread his cloak. She began to cast a glance on both the persons. My companion also looked at her when she was casting a glance at her side and he said: This cloak of his is worn out, whereas my cloak is quite new. She, however, said twice or thrice: There is no harm in (accepting) this cloak (the old one). So I contracted temporary marriage with her, and I did not come out (of this) until Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) declared it forbidden.
Book 008, Number 3254:
Rabi’ b. S’abra al-jahanni reported on the authority of his father. We went with Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) to Mecca during the year of Victory and he narrated like this a hadith transmitted by Bishr (the previous one) but with this addition:” She said: Can it be possible?” And it is also mentioned in it:” He said: The cloak of this (man) is old and worn out.”
Book 008, Number 3255:
Sabra al-Juhanni reported on the authority of his father that while he was with Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon hm) he said: 0 people, I had permitted you to contract temporary marriage with women, but Allah has forbidden it (now) until the Day of Resurrection. So he who has any (woman with this type of marriage contract) he should let her off, and do not take back anything you have given to then (as dower).
Book 008, Number 3256:
This hadith has been narrated on the authority of ‘Abd al-‘Aziz b ‘Umar with the same chain of transmitters, and he said: I saw Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) standing between the pillar and the gate (of the Ka’ba) and he was relating a hadith as narrated by Ibn Numair.
Book 008, Number 3257:
‘Abd al-Malik b. Rabi’ b. Sabraal-Juhanni reported on the authority of his father who narrated it on the authority of his father (i e. ‘Abd al-Malik’s grandfather, Sabura al-juhanni): Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) permitted us to contract temporary marriage in the Year of Victory, as we entered Mecce, and we did come out of it but he forbade us to do it.
Book 008, Number 3258:
Sabra b. Ma’bad reported that Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) permitted his Companions to contract temporary marriage with women in the Year of Victory. So I and a friend of mine from Banu Sulaim went out, until we found a young woman of Banu Amir who was like a young she-camel having a long neck. We made proposal to her for contracting temporary marriage with us, and presented to her our cloaks (as dower). She began to look and found me more handsome than my friend, but found the cloak of my friend more beautiful than my cloak. She thought in her wind for a while, but then preferred me to my friend. So I remained with her for three (nights), and then Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) commanded us to part with them (such women).
Book 008, Number 3259:
Rabi’ b. Sabra reported on the authority of his father that Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) prohibited the contracting of temporary marriage.
Book 008, Number 3260:
Rabi’ b. Sabra reported on the authority of his father that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbade on the Day of Victory to contract temporary marriage with women. This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Rabi’ b. Sabra that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbade to contracf temporary marriage with women at the time of Victory, and that his father had contracted the marriage for two red cloaks.
Book 008, Number 3261:
‘Urwa b. Zabair reported that ‘Abdullah b. Zubair (Allah be pleased with him) stood up (and delivered an address) in Mecca saying: Allah has made blind the hearts of some people as He has deprived them of eyesight that they give religious verdict in favour of temporary marriage, while he was alluding to a person (Ibn ‘Abbas). Ibn Abbas called him and said: You are an uncouth person, devoid of sense. By my life, Mut’a was practised during the lifetime of the leader of the pious (he meant Allah’s Messenger, may peace be upon him), and Ibn Zubair said to him: just do it yourselves, and by Allah, if you do that I will stone you with your stones. Ibn Shihab said. Khalid b. Muhajir b. Saifullah informed me: While I was sitting in the company of a person, a person came to him and he asked for a religious verdict about Mut’a and he permitted him to do it. Ibn Abu ‘Amrah al-Ansari (Allah be pleased with him) said to him: Be gentle. It was permitted in- the early days of Islam, (for one) who was driven to it under the stress of necessity just as (the eating of) carrion and the blood and flesh of swine and then Allah intensified (the commands of) His religion and prohibited it (altogether). Ibn Shihab reported: Rabi’ b. Sabra told me that his father (Sabra) said: I contracted temporary marriage with a woman of Banu ‘Amir for two cloaks during the lifetime of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) ; then he forbade us to do Mut’a. Ibn Shihab said: I heard Rabi’ b. Sabra narrating it to Umar b. ‘Abd al-‘Aziz and I was sitting there.
Book 008, Number 3262:
Sabra al-Juhanni reported on the authority of his father: Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) prohibited the contracting of temporary marriage and said: Behold, it is forbidden from this very day of yours to the Day of Resurrection, and he who has given something (as a dower) should not take it back.
Book 008, Number 3263:
‘Ali b. AbiTalib reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) prohibited on the Day of Khaibar the contracting of temporary marriage with women and the eating of the flesh of domestic asses.
— Isah Sani Muhammad (@isahmandiri) March 28, 2016
— Dr. Peregrino Brimah (@EveryNigerian) March 28, 2016